Government and politics

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Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف y12 في الأحد أكتوبر 19, 2008 9:31 pm

Main article: Politics of Italy
See also: List of Prime Ministers of Italy

President of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano.The politics of Italy take place in a framework of a parliamentary, democratic republic, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised collectively by the Council of Ministers, which is led by a President, in jargon referred to as "premier", "primo ministro" or "prime minister" in English. Legislative power is vested in the two houses of parliament primarily, and secondarily on the Council of Ministers. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative. Italy has been a democratic republic since 2 June 1946, when the monarchy was abolished by popular referendum (see birth of the Italian Republic). The constitution was promulgated on 1 January 1948.

The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica) is elected for seven years by the parliament sitting jointly with a small number of regional delegates. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties previously given to the King of Italy. The president serves as a point of connection between the three branches of power: he is elected by the lawmakers, he appoints the executive, he is the president of the judiciary and he is also the commander-in-chief of armed forces. The president nominates the Prime Minister, who proposes the other ministers (formally named by the president). The Council of Ministers must obtain a confidence vote from both houses of Parliament. Legislative bills may originate in either house and must be passed by a majority in both.


The Chamber of Deputies.Italy elects a parliament consisting of two houses, the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati), which has 630 members and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica), comprising 315 elected members and a small number of senators for life). As of 15 May 2006, there are seven life senators of whom three are former Presidents. Both houses are elected for a maximum of five years, but they may be dissolved before the expiration of their normal term. Legislation may originate in either house and must be passed in identical form by a majority in each. The houses of parliament are popularly and directly elected through a complex electoral system (latest amendment in 2005) which combines proportional representation with a majority prize for the largest coalition (Chamber). All Italian citizens older than 18 can vote. However, to vote for the senate, the voter must be at least 25 or older. The electoral system in the Senate is based upon regional representation. As of 15 May 2006 there are seven life senators (of which three are former Presidents). Both houses are elected for a maximum of five years, but both may be dissolved by the President before the expiration of their normal term if the Parliament is unable to elect a stable government. In the post war history, this has happened in 1972, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1994, 1996 and 2008.

A peculiarity of the Italian Parliament is the representation given to Italian citizens permanently living abroad (about 2.7 million people). Among the 630 Deputies and the 315 Senators there are respectively 12 and 6 elected in four distinct overseas constituencies. Those members of Parliament were elected for the first time in April 2006 and they have the same rights as members elected in Italy.

The Italian judicial system is based on Roman law modified by the Napoleonic code and later statutes. The Supreme Court of Cassation is the court of last resort for most disputes. The Constitutional Court of Italy (Corte Costituzionale) rules on the conformity of laws with the Constitution and is a post-World War II innovation
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y12
عضو خيالي !!!

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رد: Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف mona.sh في السبت أكتوبر 25, 2008 6:31 pm

santa Thanks


عدل سابقا من قبل mona.sh في الجمعة ديسمبر 26, 2008 10:15 pm عدل 1 مرات
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mona.sh
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رد: Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف roba13 في الإثنين ديسمبر 08, 2008 2:07 pm

sho0o0o0o0o0o0oo0okran What a Face
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roba13
عضو خيالي !!!

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رد: Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف shatha في الإثنين ديسمبر 08, 2008 2:18 pm

شكرا
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shatha
عضو محترف !!
عضو محترف !!

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العمل/الترفيه : قراءة قصص انجليزية والاستماع الى اغاني مايلي ( هانا مونتانا ) و مشاهدة افلام اجنبية ( بالانجليزي )
المزاج : متقلبة
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/11/2008

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رد: Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف mona.sh في الإثنين ديسمبر 08, 2008 7:39 pm

مشكور
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mona.sh
عضو خيالي !!!

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رد: Government and politics

مُساهمة من طرف عدي في الثلاثاء ديسمبر 09, 2008 12:27 pm

good
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عدي
عضو نشيط
عضو نشيط

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عفوا

مُساهمة من طرف y12 في الجمعة ديسمبر 26, 2008 6:00 pm

عفوا
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y12
عضو خيالي !!!

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